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Published: 14 Jan 2024

Last Updated: 21 May 2024

The 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) also known as the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference, was held in Glasgow, Scotland in November of 2021. It was supposed to be held initially at the end of 2020, but due to the COVID19 global pandemic was postponed for 2021.

The conference was the first since the Paris Agreement of COP21 that expected parties to make further commitments towards mitigating climate change. The Paris Agreement requires countries to make improved national pledges every five years.

The result of COP26 was the Glasgow Climate Pact, negotiated through consensus between the 197 attending parties. After last minute changes by India and China the conference ended with the adoption of a less stringent resolution than expected that weakened a move to end fossil fuel subsidies.

Despite the setbacks, the resolution was the first climate change deal to explicitly commit to reducing the use of coal. It included language that encouraged more urgent greenhouse gas emissions cuts and committed to more financial resources for developing countries to help them adapt to climate change.